Resources

Welcome to the CHS Alliance resource library. Use the menu and search function on the left to search the library and find resources on quality, accountability, people management and the Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS). If you have a resource you think should be included in our resource library, please email us on info@chsalliance.org.

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ALL RESOURCES (1753)

Accountability: an ever-expanding concept?

The scope and meaning of accountability have been extended well beyond its original meaning of being called to account for one’s actions by an external agency. It is now applied to internal aspects of official behaviour and used in the context of responsibility, control, responsiveness and dialogue. Although these extensions are closely relevant to the practice of core accountability, it is argued that they may also weaken the importance of external scrutiny.

Author(s): R. Mulgan
Language: English
Year: 2000
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Humanitarian Intervention, Altruism, and the Limits of Casuistry

This essay argues that the ethics of humanitarian intervention cannot be readily subsumed by the ethics of just war without due attention to matters of political and moral motivation. In the modern era, a just war draws directly from self-benefitting motives in wars of self-defense, or indirectly in wars that enforce international law or promote the global common good. Humanitarian interventions, in contrast, are intuitively admirable insofar as they are other-regarding.

Author(s): Richard B. Miller
Language: English
Year: 2000
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Collaboration with the 'Third Sector' - Issues of Acountability: Mapping Israeli Versions of this Problematic

This article explores the possibility, expressed in the literature, that Third Sector Organisations present a solution to what has been called the crisis of accountability.

Author(s): Robert Schwartz & Ira Sharkansky
Language: English
Year: 2000
Resource Type: Case Studies
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Political Accountability of Non-government Organizations in a Democratic Society

NGO activism is a challenge to representative democracy; it regards itself as a new form of democracy. If NGO activism is to take its place within democratic society, it presumably has to be accountable for its actions. How this is to be achieved, and the nature of the relationship between government and civil society as represented by NGOs, is the subject of this paper.

Author(s): Gary Johns
Language: English
Year: 2000
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Guide to Performance Reporting for Canadian and Developing-Country Partners

A guide to performance reporting.

Author(s): Canadian Partnership Branch - Canadian International Development Agency
Language: English
Year: 2000
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 7: Learning, Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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The Sphere Project: The implications of making humanitarian principles and codes work

This paper discusses the purpose of the Sphere Project, the unique process that brought it about and the major concerns that have been raised about its practical application. Finally, the paper considers the implications of this for improving the impact of humanitarian response and for future initiatives given the process that Sphere has begun. It argues that improved accountability does not start and stop with NGOs.

Author(s): Lola Gostelow
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Case Studies
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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The Dangers and Inconsistencies of Normative Approaches to Humanitarian Aid: Summary of Reflections Raised

This document presents, in a synthetic manner, a number of issues recently addressed by Groupe URD and some of its members, in reaction to projects currently underway; the Sphere Project on minimum humanitarian standards and the setting up of an Ombudsman.

Author(s): François Grünewald & Véronique de Geoffroy
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), Verification

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Do No Harm. How Aid Can Support Peace - or War

The author challenges aid agency staff to take responsibility for the ways that their assistance affects conflicts. Anderson cites the experiences of many aid providers in wartorn societies to show that international assistance—even when it is effective in saving lives, alleviating suffering, and furthering sustainable development—too often reinforces divisions among contending groups. Anderson offers hopeful evidence of creative programs that point the way to new approaches to aid.

Author(s): Mary Anderson
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Participation by the Affected Population in Relief Operations: A Review of the Experience of DEC Agencies During the Response to the 1998 Famine in South Sudan

Pierson attempts to identify when it is appropriate to use consultative participative approaches in humanitarian relief and when it is not. She then discusses the restraints to participation. Finally, she concludes with two participation recommendations followed by more good practice examples.

Author(s): Pierson R.T. Ntata
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Case Studies
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Quality & Accountability (Q & A), Participation & Feedback

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Towards Shared Social Learning for Humanitarian Programmes: A Synthesis Study

This is an exploration study examining the ‘actual and potential role of consultation with or participation by populations affected by emergencies in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programs to assist them.’

Author(s): Raymond Apthorpe & Philippa Atkinson
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Quality & Accountability (Q & A), Participation & Feedback

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Coping with Globalisation: A Profile of the Northern NGO Sector

Northern NGOs are facing unprecedented challenges posed by globalisation. This article is a profile of the northern international relief and development sector and how it is coping with these challenges, based on a study of 10 major organisations. Their concerns centre on changing internal organisational culture to stay at the cutting edge, becoming more effective and exploring competition and cooperation.

Author(s): Janet Salm
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Stakeholders, Social Responsibility, and Performance: Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Perspectives

The authors discuss the management of competing stakeholders and the relationship between stakeholder management and the perception of the firm as being socially responsible and the resulting implications.The authors argue that while theories and models are abundant, little empirical evidence exists to back the theories up. Their central concern was: ‘whether organisations pursue the satisfaction of stakeholder interests because of economic reasons or simply because doing so has intrinsic merit.’

Author(s): Jeffrey S. Harrison & R. Edward Freeman
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Participation & Feedback

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Accounting for the Effects of Accountability

The authors review the existing literature on psychological research on accountability and ‘assess the progress made toward understanding the impact of accountability on individual thought, feeling, and action’.

Author(s): Jennifer S. Lerner & Philip E. Tetlock
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Principles, Politics, and Humanitarian Action

This essay examines the pros and cons of impartial versus political humanitarianism and differing approaches across a spectrum of actors, including the classicists, led by the ICRC, who believe that humanitarian action can and should be completely insulated from politics; the "minimalists," who "aim to do no harm" in delivering relief; the "maximalists," who have a more ambitious agenda of employing humanitarian action as part of a comprehensive strategy to transform conflict; and the "solidarists".

Author(s): Thomas Weiss
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Child Protection Policy, "Protecting children, Preventing abuse" ()

This policy explores child protection and the document contains guidance on good practice in working with children to prevent and respond to abuse.

Author(s): Save the Children UK
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Tools, Guidance & Policies
Topics: Accountability to Children, CHS 8: People Management, PSEA, Staff policies & practice, People Management

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Health and Safety Policy ()

This policy explores Save the Children UK H & S policy and recognises the importance of effective health and safety management in compliance with the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 as a key responsibility in ensuring the well being of staff, volunteers, visitors to its premises and those it works with, especially children. SCUK will make every possible effort to comply with the requirements of the Act and its subsequent provisions.

Author(s): Save the Children UK
Language: English
Year: 1999
Resource Type: Tools, Guidance & Policies
Topics: CHS 8: People Management, Health, safety & security, Staff policies & practice, People Management

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Who counts reality? Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation: A literature review

This paper presents a literature review of experiences in participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) from around the world, used in differing contexts and involving all kinds of stakeholders – NGOs, donors, research institutions, government, people’s organisations, and communities. It introduces the key principles of PM&E, its applications for differing purposes, and a number of tools and methods used.

Author(s): Marisol Estrella, John Gaventa
Language: English
Year: 1998
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Participation & Feedback, CHS 7: Learning

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Communiquer dans l'affrontement: la participation cachée dans les projets participatifs ciblés sur les groupes ruraux défavorisés

Ce texte reprend les principales conclusions et recommations d'un groupe de réflexion constitué au sein de l'APAD pour répondre à une demande de la FAO sur l'appropriation d'innovation et l'exclusion de groupes vulnérables dans les projets participatifs de développement rural en Afrique de l'Ouest. Il tente de clarifier la notion de participation des plus défavorisés pour qu'elle soit mieux applicable aux projets de développement.

Author(s): Jean-Pierre Chauveau, Philippe Lavigne-Delville
Language: French
Year: 1998
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Participation & Feedback

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Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Times of Disaster

Drawing on case histories of emergency relief programs that have successfully promoted development, Anderson and Woodrow offer guidelines for fashioning assistance programs designed to counter the effects of both natural and human-caused disasters. Arguing that relief efforts must support and enhance existing capacities, they present an analytical framework for assessing the characteristics and needs of afflicted communities.

Author(s): Mary B. Anderson & Peter J. Woodrow
Language: English
Year: 1998
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), CHS 7: Learning

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Evaluating Humanitarian Assistance Programmes in Complex Emergencies

Hallam views evaluation as a key tool of improving accountability and performance in the operation of the international humanitarian aid system. He argues humanitarian aid has been subject to laxer monitoring and evaluation procedures then development aid. He argues appropriate evaluation tools for humanitarian aid need to be developed.

Author(s): Alistair Hallam
Language: English
Year: 1998
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 7: Learning, Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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