Resources

Welcome to the CHS Alliance resource library. Use the menu and search function on the left to search the library and find resources on quality, accountability, people management and the Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS). If you have a resource you think should be included in our resource library, please email us on info@chsalliance.org.

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ALL RESOURCES (1753)

Who Guards the Guardians?

Naidoo reflects upon the meaning and implications of the ‘accountability debate’ for civil society, first by situating the issue in a broader context and examining the factors which have given rise to it, and then by examining some of the ways in which civil society is rising to the challenge of ensuring its legitimacy and accountability.

Author(s): Kumi Naidoo
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Global Civil Society: An Overview

This report summarises the basic empirical results of the latest phase of the Johns Hopkins comparative non-profit sector project, the major effort that was under way for a number of years to document the scope, structure, financing, and role of the nonprofit sector for the first time in various parts of the world, and to explain the resulting patterns that exist.

Author(s): L. M. Salamon, S.W. Sokolowski, R. List
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), CHS 9: Resource management

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Public Participation in Health Planning and Priority Setting at the District Level in Uganda

The objective of this paper is to explore the experiences of the public and leaders with participatory planning and priority setting in health in Uganda. The study employs an exploratory qualitative approach, involving in depth interviews and group discussions. Rifkin’s (1991) five levels of participation were used to assess actual levels of participation. The authors found Uganda has established structure for participatory planning.

Author(s): Lyia Kapiri, Ole Norheim & Kristian Heggenhougen
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Case Studies
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Participation & Feedback

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Conflict, Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding: Meeting the Challenges

This paper forms part of an on-going project on humanitarian assistance in conflict areas led by International Alert’s Development and Peacebuilding Programme. The project’s aim is to strengthen the capacity of humanitarian agencies working in conflict areas to make a positive contribution to peacebuilding and conflict transformation by raising awareness of conflict and aid issues, and by providing recommendations for enhanced policy and practice.

Author(s): Maria Lange & Quinn Mick
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Participation & Feedback

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Humanitarian Crises: What Determines the Level of Emergency Assistance? Media Coverage, Donor Interests and the Aid Business

This paper proposes a basic hypothesis that the volume of emergency assistance any humanitarian crisis attracts is determined by three factors. First, it depends on the intensity of media coverage. Second, it depends on the degree of political interest, particularly related to security, that donor governments have in a particular region. Third, the volume of emergency aid depends on strength of humanitarian NGOs and international organisations present in a country experiencing a humanitarian emergency.

Author(s): Olsen GR, Nils Carstensen and Kristian Hoyen
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), The role of donors

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Ethical Codes in Humanitarian Emergencies: From Practice to Research?

This paper draws on a case study of research on humanitarian assistance to Liberia during that country's civil war from 1989 to 1996. The difficulties faced by humanitarian agencies in Liberia led to the development of two key sets of ethical guidelines for humanitarian intervention: the Joint Policy of Operations (JPO) and Principles and Policies of Humanitarian Operations (PPHO).

Author(s): Richard Black
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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NGOs and the New Democracy: The False Saviors of International Development

This short article evaluates current debates on the role of NGOs which point to the dangers of replacing the state as the representative of democracy. Given expanding market economies and shrinking states, NGOs fill a growing void by responding to the needs and demands of the poor and marginalized sections of society.

Author(s): S. Kamat
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Participation & Feedback, Verification

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NGO Legitimacy: Technical Issue or Social Construct?

The legitimacy of NGOs is poorly theorised in development studies literature, where it is usually seen as dependent on accountability, performance and representativeness. This `technical' approach masks deeper questions about legitimacy - for whom, for what, and how it is created. This article applies an institutional perspective from organisational theory to the analysis of NGOs.

Author(s): Sarah Lister
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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International NGOs and the Role of Network Centrality in Humanitarian Aid Operations: A Case Study of Coordination During the 2000 Mozambique Floods

Network analysis methods were used to examine the structure of inter-organisational relations among 65 NGOs involved in the flood operations in Mozambique. Centrality scores were used to estimate NGO-specific potential for aid coordination and tested against NGO beneficiary numbers.

Author(s): Spencer Moore, Eugenia Eng and Mark Daniel
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Case Studies
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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The 21st Century NGO: In the Market for Change

This paper is supposed to inform citizen organizations and their funders. The study will also be of interest to people from the business community who want to better understand what tomorrow’s citizen organizations will look like, and where their agenda is headed.

Author(s): SustainAbility
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Participation by Crisis-Affected Populations in Humanitarian Action: A Handbook for Practicioners

This draft Practitioners Handbook is based on a comprehensive programme of research in five different humanitarian emergency situations – Afghanistan, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Columbia and Sri Lanka. Literature reviews in three languages further supported this work. The handbook provides the most detailed road map to date for field workers to find practical approaches for involving affected communities in the design and implementation of humanitarian interventions.

Author(s): ALNAP
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Tools, Guidance & Policies
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Participation & Feedback

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Making Sense of Accountability: Conceptual Perspectives for Northern and Southern Nonprofits

This article examines the concept of accountability from various disciplinary lenses in order to develop an integrated understanding of the term. Special attention is devoted to principal-agent perspectives from political science and economics. An integrated framework is developed.

Author(s): Alnoor Ebrahim
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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The West Africa sex scandal

The humanitarian world was rocked in 2002 by a UNHCR/Save the Children study which revealed a disturbing pattern of sexual exploitation of refugee children by aid workers and peacekeepers in west Africa. This article argues that the gaps in accountability revealed by the scandal point to the need for a humanitarian watchdog.

Author(s): Asmita Naik
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Accountability to Children, CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, CHS 5: Complaints handling, Quality & Accountability (Q & A), Participation & Feedback, PSEA

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The accountability of states in humanitarian response

Are states currently responsible or accountable in any way for the quality and ethics of humanitarian action? The accountability debate requires an analysis of who holds responsibility for what – recognising that NGOs and states bear different responsibilities – and then who is held to account for discharging their responsibility.

Author(s): Caroline Ford
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), The role of donors

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Increasing Accountability through External Stakeholder Engagement

Increasingly, organisations that work at the international level are conscious of their ‘ethical responsibility’ to ensure that their activities are not undertaken to the detriment of society or the environment. The decisions these organisations make will affect others, and if they are to demonstrate that they are accountable for these decisions they must be responsive to their stakeholders. Integrating the views and needs of those affected by certain decisions is important for a number of reasons.

Author(s): Caroline Neligan
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Quality & Accountability (Q & A), Participation & Feedback

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Putting the 'H' into humanitarian accountability

The author writes about accountability in the humanitarian sector in general and reflects on the newest developments regarding the creation of HAP International (now merged with People In Aid to form the CHS Alliance).

Author(s): Maurice Herson
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, Quality & Accountability (Q & A), Participation & Feedback, Verification

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Accountability and humanitarian actors: speculations and questions

The author discusses four common misconceptions of accountability in the humanitarian sector.

Author(s): Austen Davis
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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Good Humanitarian Donorship: a mouse or a lion?

Donor governments have been strong supporters of the various initiatives aimed at strengthening accountability and improving performance. The majority have, however, concentrated on establishing case studies of conduct for operational aid agencies. The research identifies the need to focus on strategic and political accountability, against clearly defined objectives and definitions of humanitarian assistance, to strengthen the checks and balances that govern donor behaviour.

Author(s): Joanna Macrae and Adele Harmer
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: Quality & Accountability (Q & A), The role of donors

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Accountability: the three-lane highway

The means by which humanitarian agencies have chosen to improve accountability have been dependent on organisational mandates, identity and raison d’être. This has given rise to a rich, but sometimes confusing, array of initiatives and approaches. These approaches can be rationalised into three main areas, or ‘lanes’ on the accountability highway. Broadly speaking, this typology represents a three-lane highway leading to the ultimate destination of improved accountability in the humanitarian sector.

Author(s): John Mitchell
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topics: CHS 4: Communication, participation, feedback, CHS 8: People Management, People Management, Quality & Accountability (Q & A), Participation & Feedback

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In defence of non-profit accountability

The author reflects on the upsurge of interest in the accountability of not-for-profit, civil society organisations.

Author(s): Simon Dadek
Language: English
Year: 2003
Resource Type: Articles and Research Reports
Topic: Quality & Accountability (Q & A)

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